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José Gabriel Astudillo and Amparo Martí presented the ninth edition which has as special guest to Spain
Between June 10 and August 19, 2016, it is celebrating the IX Festival of Naive Art Gallery Szyb Wilson in Katowice (Poland). This is a unique event in Europe last year showed more than 1,500 paintings and sculptures by 367 artists from more than 30 countries around the world.
This huge exhibition has always had great popularity and impact not only among visitors from the region of Silesia, which is the city of Katowice, but also among foreigners and tourists from Poland and across Europe, with more than 30,000 visitors participated in the various events of the festival
Each year a country or region is invited special edition, being 2016, specially, Spain, having preceded Africa, France, Cuba, Mongolia, Israel, Argentina, the Balkans and Scandinavia.
The event is organized by the Eko-Art Silesia Foundation, the Gallery Szyb Wilson at the head, in front of which are Karolina Luksa and Monika Paca, Festival Director and President of the Foundation, who addressed the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, as the highest authority artistic representative of Spain, asking our President, Jose Gabriel Astudillo Lopez, a study-analysis-summary of what has been the naif painting in Spain.
Most gladly made the request of the President, in a short text which we reproduce literally and which has received the highest compliments of Commissioners and representatives of the international art community.
The catalog also features other text of Amparo Martí, alma mater of naif art in Spain.
The naif art in Spain,
by José Gabriel Astudillo López, President of
Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors
The ninth edition of Art Naif Festival celebrating Szyb Wilson Gallery in Katowice (Poland) has earned become the most important naïf art event throughout Europe.
This year also this great exhibition becomes a particularly thrilling encounter by having as guest to Spain, a source of pride for me, that from these lines and as President of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, I represent artists and fans of this art unfairly labeled as “naive”.
The Spanish participation promises to bring energy and Mediterranean temperament, the sun of Spain itself, the country that was the cradle of immortal geniuses as Copernicus, Chopin, Marie Curie, Fahrenheit, John Paul II or Tamara de Lempicka …
The historic mining city of Katowice, which has one of the largest metropolitan areas in Europe, is a cosmopolitan city that enjoyed in the 30s, the colorful offered him called naïf artists “Grupa Janowska” in mystical and surreal representations they come now to acquire a major role to become hosts of honor of the great naïf party representing this festival.
He commented that it is an honor for me to present a few lines about the tradition and naïf painting in Spain, always starting from the most authoritative opinion of Dr. Vallejo Najera, first scholar and passionate about the subject that was in charge of exposing and collecting very aptly in his books, concept art naïf and the many names given to these artists and this art … “Naive art, Naive art, art I insist, artists Domingueros, Inborn artists, Primitive Contemporaries, Happy artists , Spontaneous Art, Art Self-taught, Visionaries and Extravagant Geniuses … “, however, of all the most commonly used is the term Naïve,” … orthographic deformation of the French naïf (naïves plural) which means literally native, indigenous and in colloquial language is widespread in naive. “
Faced with both name and name the only real and important is that this field of art of the twentieth century, reaching continues and continues its transformation in the XXI century, has quality in his works, beauty, harmony, order and even “plastic happiness “and if so, it matters little that is labeled as naive, rustic, naive or not, just enough to know that they are creations that reach universality and beauty.
Impossible to get into debates and philosophical questions about the pure naïf, his birth, his villager naivety, as already said the critic Antonio Manuel Campoy that it might be necessary to review what commonly is understood by pure naive, considering that even Henri Rousseau, worship, office worker, musician and painter, invites his work, peremptorily to naïf.
The beginning of the twentieth century in Spain was determined by a number of factors that influenced decisively in shaping the art; all kinds of difficulties were overcome and vanguards who had already triumphed in other capitals of art, and even new artistic approaches were formulated were incorporated.
Coletazos aesthetic approaches of those first came to Spain. Artists like Tapies, Tarrats, Millares, Saura and many others, without much hope of success or recognition, tried out new formulations and new directions in hard times when modern art was even more reviled than in the twenties and thirties of last century.
Ballast nineteenth century academicism weighed yet, but there were exceptions such as Picasso, Juan Gris, Gargallo, Torres-Garcia, Miró, Julio González, Luis Fernández … that even with little weight in the international context and outside the surrealist movement of Dalí, Miró, Buñuel and occasionally Picasso, trying to make proposals that ended setting the currents of modern art in Spain.
The avant-garde movement ran into many difficulties to grow and develop, and so full of artists society, proposals art naïf, like many others of different minority styles, diluted to cultural indifference of a little prone country to recognize the art colorist.
But talk of naïf art in Spain requires thinking first about the person who dedicated his efforts and his extensive career to promoting this type of art: Amparo Martí.
A friendship with Fernando Zobel and his influence, we owe the passion began to feel for the naive passion that lasts even today, although it was a result of knowing the drawings Bowling, full of imagination, ingenuity and freshness when he was fascinated by this art.
In 1975, Duran Gallery comes the opportunity to devote permanently art naïf, an exhibition hall setting out the important artist Miguel Garcia Vivancos, although at that time the naïf yet prove a strange, difficult and misunderstood art Spain.
However, this sample was the spark that triggered their growing activity for the naïf, values discovering and promoting artists like María Pepa Estrada, Rosario Areces, Isidoro Carrascal, Mercedes Barba …
With the great doctor Vallejo Nájera will write two books on the naive and take the House of Spain in Paris the legendary exhibition “Nine painters Spanish naïf”, besides a great success, helped open the doors to this type of art and promote Spanish painters outside our borders.
Along with Nuno Lima de Carvalho created the Iberian Hall of Naive Art, stimulating the ninth rise of the Spanish naïf, and laying the foundations for the creation of the Museum of Naive Art of Jaen.
In 2000 organized the Contest of Naïve Art Spanish that time, and given the success of the initiative, it became an international event, although it is no longer held at present, but will lay the foundation of a true international meeting for lovers of “happy” art.
Speaking of naïf art requires also reflect on who is a naive painter and who is just a mediocre painter. Here too Amparo Martí was a pioneer, for his efforts to discover artists joined their efforts to make quality the premise when it comes to “label” conveniently.
The naïf painter does not conform to a logical or academic training to use, you may not know how to express pictorially, but by a strange gift, he can count interesting things and reflect the beauty and life in an orderly and extremely real. And that’s what Amparo Martí managed to explain without ordering thesis or doctoral degrees.
Most naïf painters are communicators, know how to give a message and tell a story charming, self-taught, with an original art, without copying anyone and is in this way that invent their own art, so significant and unique in each so identifying them and their personalities.
In Spain there are prominent authors of art naïf who have written the history of this genre, and although include everyone is a very complicated task, we can highlight the most representative.
Miguel García Vivancos is a mythical figure of André Breton who wrote “The elf Vivancos manifests in his painting, is the gift of that place to discover the art by itself; invirginal is the consecration of life perhaps defeated beforehand, but with the possibility to restart it every time. “
Vicente Pérez Bueno was to say Aguilera Cerni one of the best, even claiming that “the vast majority of existing naïf painting in the great European museums is much lower than that of Pérez Bueno” painting with fervor scenes he has seen in film, on the street, still lifes, a bullfight, places that are familiar.
Higinio Mallebrera despite late to the art world, marked the rebirth of hope; draws beautifully, with special importance and careful shading and perspective; a very peculiar way that creates its own, unmistakable expression of enormous strength and world. For Vallejo Najera, “Mallebrera is one of the most important painters of naive world and their presence breaks with some of the most frequent topics on the naive”.
Mari Pepa Estrada is a neat and original artist who emphasizes that “We must be more to return to the naive, because you must have suffered and loved very much to return to nostalgia, poetry and nostalgia,” he declared in one of his last interviews.
Lorenzo Aparicio, known as “El Boliche” very favorably impressed the artists of his time, who bought their full drawings of strange symmetrical spiral configurations in wonderful color compositions.
Isidoro Carrascal marked a visionary style, with absolutely original tracks, as it had a magical intuition for color harmony, resulting in his painting a container in which overflowing peacefully, poetry.
Rosario Areces “Rosario”, starred in the story of “Cinderella” by grace art critic Anatole Jakosvsky, who launched the international market of naïf art works that always begins with the sky, indigo color protagonist in festive, fun and especially senses pictures.
Manuel Moral is, according to experts indicate, the prototype of pure naïf artist, because it is an author without studying painting that reflects in his everyday life, using a distorted perspective, structures and schematic characters and a vivid use of color. Several of his works give name to a room dedicated to him at the International Museum of Naive Art of Jaen, unique in Spain dedicated to this style.
Mercedes Barba is considered one of the historical painters of naive, and one of the most sought for its unique artistic language. In his works he reflects his memories, his experiences, the joy color and stories of his long life, with personal religious references, which make it very distinctive style and personality.
Basi Lopez takes pictures of colorful gaudy and harmonious, as Vallejo Najera said, “had claw and an undeniable appeal,” while for Amparo Marti different from this artist is “the great intuition of his subjects, reflecting joy”.
Fernando Roche always enjoyed academic recognition and international projection perhaps because his life devoted entirely to artistic creation, the result of seemingly simple and performed with crude materials, reflects his mood and his critical view of the world around him. In his work connects classical culture and the world illustrated with everyday problems and contemporary lifestyle. Not forgetting his condition potter of his artistic production has been increasingly creative and experimental time.
This work is not, nor pretend that it is, a treaty of naive authors, although it has been impossible not to include the most representative. Road undertaken alone first, supported and sponsored by Amparo Martí and Juan Antonio Vallejo Najera, and opened the doors to many other artists who have followed in his footsteps, with different style with different art and passion, but with the same enthusiasm and dedication to them.
A huge list of names that would include Domingo Angulo Andrew, with its characteristic historical characters in works and compositions, Manuel Aragon “Manuelo,” Maria Dolores Casanova, Argimiro Spain, José María Fino, Thomas de la Fuente, Felipe Martín Jiménez, Faustino of Rey Camarena, Fernando Rodriguez “Fernando” Carmen Rovira “Carme” Manuel Sánchez Fernández, Antonia Soria Peraja, Domingo Uriarte, Pepa Calvo, Juan Guerra, El Guijo, Juan Romero, Isabel Villar, Carmen Population, Evaristo Navarrete, Isidoro Carrascal, Maripí Morales, Pilar de Aristegui, Marta Figueroa “Jacoba”, José María Martínez Pardo, Chus Perez de Castro “Population” Carmen Ramirez, Esperanza Ridruejo “San Martino” Bethlehem Saro, Isabel Villar, Marta Vierna, Oscar Borras, Rosario Ripoll Amalia Fernandez de Cordoba, Inés Arias, Juan Borras, Manolo Arce, Yiyo Moro, Pepa Santos, Joseph Mir, Laura Esteban, Christopher Martin, Marisa Norniella, Tito Lucaveche, Carmen Vivó, Ana Maria Abadal, Estela Benavides, Grace Risueño, Manuel Arce Gomez, Jaime Diaz Rittwagen, and a long list of names that indicate the good health of naïf art in Spain, today.
Special mention should be one of the most illustrious members of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors has achieved great successes and is an international reference, as Evaristo Guerra.
Evaristo Guerra, as Manuel Calderon says “is a naive painter who has refined its gridded technique, which has given up a certain naive puritanism and has been with the freshness of color … This continuous repetition of the same element makes its of painting a visual exercise, almost hypnotic … adopting more intense modes of pointillism … with subtle brushstrokes, visual effects that degrade more slowly colors … and make fabrics in an hourglass, silent and fragile “…
The writer José Hierro qualifies and substantive landscapes Evaristo Guerra as “a plant pyrotechnics”, while Luis Maria Anson says of his painting “is the self-portrait of the soul of the painter,” and for all who know him and enjoy his friendship his work is nothing more than the reflection of his own soul, brimming with feelings and joy and color and life itself, so vivid in his private inner world.
It is to have artists of his stature pride, and analyze expectations of naive art in Spain are flattering and promising, and that the diversity of approaches and criteria that nowadays are observed in the areas of art, go to understand a reality artistic multidisciplinary and multicultural.
The current naïf speech through a period of criticism of the reality of modern man; and certain similarities with the modern discourse rebelling against society and its injustices; but unlike them, the naïf distance runs away and technological innovation and what it entails, and therefore builds a parallel reality that gets reflect the idealized world of magic and fantasy.
With the revision of the hippie movement that we live, we could say that the current naïf is the representation of the eternal pursuit of happiness, freedom, healthy and harmonious, peaceful and orderly life, raised in a natural and epic environment, full light, fresh and full of sap lived.
And in that search as reflected in the issues, you come to a simplification of technique and performances, more typical of photographic language that the pictorial style itself, because what the aim is to reflect everything that all reality observed between the same canvas, as it does self-absorbed look of a curious eager to imbibe a stamp.
That is why today more tuned naïf artists and their works reflect the reality to stroke color, simplicity, spontaneity, imagination, with full awareness of the creative act they perform, in an individualistic way, but reaching globality. They are works that seem easy but enclosing a retail wealth beyond any imagination, and certainly nothing naive or childish.
Long and prosperous career augur for naïf that stand out in Spain and for those who believe and live and plastic make happiness a world that invite and where to find a haven of peace in this crazy world ….
Upper Silesia is an industrial region since the early nineteenth century developed the mines and steel mills, but certainly not deprived of art. The colorful world of artists called “naive” appeared in the heart of industrial Silesia in the 30s of the twentieth century, when a group of four amateur painters, miners working in the Giesche mine, began to coalesce to create under the leadership Teofil Ociepka, which was inspired by the occult. These painters created colorful mystical representations, drawing much mythology as the motives of classical painting, incorporating often surreal scenes in the landscape of Upper Silesia. This group was called then “Grupa Janowska,” which still exists.
Times have changed and many industrial plants have been closed, but the art and creation still remain there. In the area of the former mine Giesche in Szyb Wilson Gallery, tradition is still cultivated during the Art Naif Festival, in which works of naive artists from around the world are exposed.
The first festival took place in 2008. Since that time have hosted hundreds of artists from around the world, along with thousands of visitors were able to admire his talent. Currently, exhibits mainly paintings, but also sculptures and ceramics, feeling very proud to work with wonderful artists from many countries, Australia, Burkina Faso, Argentina, Israel, United States, Colombia, Tanzania and many more Europeans.
As every year the Festival includes many side events. The exhibition is accompanied by several smaller exhibitions in local museums as well as many workshops, film screenings, lectures.
Special guest: Spain
The special guest of the issue is Spain so, the exhibition will dominate the paintings from the peninsula, with the participation of artists as indispensable as the naif art Alicia Clavo (Mundo Piedra) Pepa Clavo, Cristina de la Hoz, Tessa Domene Moris, Laura Esteban Ferreiro, Carmen Garcia Aguera, Pilar Garcia Luque, Clara Garcia Pujol (Kiara Gap), Manuel Gomez Arce, Milos Gonzalez, Crucita Gutierrez Segovia, Lola Lopez Fernandez, Marian Molina Gamez, Virtudes Molina Gamez, Ana Sanchez Marin, Mar Torres Canepa, Cristina Verda y Angeles Violan.