(Español) Las Medallas de la AEPE: Juan Bautista Adsuara

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“The message of Pandora”, the last book of Javier Sierra

Javier Sierra, Honorary Member of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, will return to the bookstores on June 23, after publishing in 2017 his hitherto latest novel, ‘The Invisible Fire’, which earned him the Planeta award. The person from Teruel returns to the editorial front with ‘Pandora’s Message’, a work he has produced during the coronavirus pandemic. «It is a book that was born in me like lightning. I had to write it and put it in the hands of the readers very soon, “he says. For Sierra, the writer’s most sacred mission is none other than to help psychologically and spiritually “heal” the community to which he belongs. Perhaps this is why this story has flowed so smoothly. I’ve never written anything like this, so powerful and direct, “he admits.
Written in the form of a letter to a young woman who is about to come of age, ‘Pandora’s Message’ summarizes in a few key pages about the origin of life and civilization, and how both are closely linked to the arrival to Earth from the first viruses and bacteria.
Using clear, entertaining and direct language, the imaginary author of that letter searches the classic myths for answers to most of our doubts. To do this, he dives into episodes of history, science and mythology, and discovers that in ancient accounts there were already precise indications, almost instructions, on how we should face our next steps as a species.
“‘ Pandora’s message “is a fable that will take us through southern France and northern Spain while reminding us of our situation on the evolutionary scale. Invites us to stop
look at our navel and discover that we are part of something that is much bigger than ourselves. It is a change in our gaze. Almost a revelation ”, synthesizes the writer.
In his usual style, Javier Sierra interprets these old stories in a didactic, agile and informative way for the contemporary reader. The best-selling author revives the Pandora myth as a metaphor and uses the epistolary genre to spread a positive message in the face of the latest pandemic, while reviewing often-silenced scientific theories.
The text, strewn with evocative references, strives to open the mind to its young recipient. In giving him perspective so that he understands what kind of creatures we are and what place we occupy in the universe, and even takes him to that “dark moment” of our past in which a spark that suddenly arose made us more than animals.
The author from Teruel also proposes a reflection on the lifestyle of humans and wants help to see how pandemics have shaped him catastrophe after catastrophe. As Sierra himself acknowledges, “peering into the abyss has brought out the best in me.”
Source, Heraldo de Aragón, June 13, 2020

The AEPE Honorary Member, Javier Sierra, names the Teruel Library

The State Public Library of Teruel has been named after the Turolense writer and Honorary Member of the AEPE Javier Sierra since September, and since last Saturday, December 28, he also shows it on the official plaque on the left of the entrance.

The 2017 Planeta Prize, accompanied by his family, by former schoolmates and by representatives of the government of Aragon and the government of the State, and by councilors of the City Council, participated in the official act of presentation, in which the plaque was uncovered with the name of Javier Sierra and the first stamps were stamped on some of the volumes recently acquired by the center.

Since the Ministerial Order CUB / 942/2019 of September 4 was published, on the initiativefrom the Library of Teruel and at the request of the Government of Aragon, which transferred the request to the Ministry, Javier Sierra is the only living writer who names one of the 53 State libraries.

The Turolense admitted that yesterday was an “exciting” day. “I learned to read literature inthis house, ”he explained. “My first card, with eight years, was from this house, and now bearing my name is absolutely exciting.” Javier Sierra said he never dreamed of seeing his name inscribed in the name of the library that enlightened him as an inveterate reader and budding writer.

Javier Sierra transmitted one of the ideas that somehow have accompanied him since childhood, as simple as that “everything is possible.” “It doesn’t matter how small the place you are at is. Perseverance, working with quality, good study and doing things with responsibility make it possible.

Hopefully the name that is on the facade of the Library today serves to remind us of that. I am Javier, one more neighbor of Teruel ”.

The Library that today bears the name of Javier Sierra is the depository of his Literary Legacy, which began to be built in 2007 and today covers almost 300 works of all kinds, in all formats and more than 40 languages. Mar Sarto, director of the center and who led the official act yesterday, recalled that “a legacy of this category prestige to a library, and therefore the most important libraries in the country often go after the creators to obtain them.” The writer assured that this relationship will not in the future but be strengthened, and said that “I would like that in the future, part of what is now my work material, my notes, my collection of photographs, everything that has served me to build my literary universe, I also ended up deposited here. ”

Javier Sierra, in addition to the 2017 Planeta Prize and numerous literary awards has the Medal of San Jorge of the Provincial Council of Teruel and the title of Favorite Son of Teruel, and also gives name to a public park in his hometown, in addition to having He was recently appointed Honorary Member of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, on the occasion of the celebration of the 86th Autumn Salon in Madrid’s Parque del Retiro.

On the other hand, the delegate of the Government of Spain in Aragon, Carmen Sánchez Pérez, excused the absence of José Guirao, Minister of Culture and congratulated Javier Sierra on his behalf for “the work of ambassador of Aragonese and Turolense culture that he does for everything the world, which has led to the recognition of his work in life and in his own land ”, something that“ is not always easy in Aragon ”.

In the official presentation ceremony of the Javier Sierra de Teruel Public Library the writer was accompanied by his parents Pablo and Amparo, his wife Eva and their children Martín and Sofía, andn addition to friends and representatives of the political and cultural life of Teruel or writers such as José Luis Corral or Raúl Carlos Maícas.

Source: Diario de Teruel

Javier Sierra will bring us closer to Leonardo da Vinci

Friday, November 29, 2019, 7 p.m. AEPE Assembly Hall

Free entry until complete seats


On November 29, 2019, at 7 p.m. at the headquarters of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, the writer and journalist, 2017 Planeta Award, and Honorary Partner of our centennial entity, will tell us about the great artist, architect, engineer and inventor Leonardo da Vinci, coinciding with the exhibition “ Leonardo LIVE. Tribute to Leonardo da Vinci ”, which contemplates the tribute of the AEPE to one of the most extraordinary Renaissance artists, who had such an influence on the conception and origin of the most radically modern painting.

And he will do it through one of his most impressive books: The Secret Dinner, a narrative that reveals what could be the true sources that Leonardo da Vinci drank to paint the most well-known sacred work of Christianity.

The Last Supper is full of signs that indicate that behind its appearance there is much more than mixed paints: What does the knot on the tablecloth that covers the table mean? Why didn’t he paint the halos of holiness that usually adorn the heads of the apostles or Jesus in other works that represent the same scene? Not even the Passover lamb of the Jewish holiday they celebrated? Why is Leonardo himself portrayed in the play, and also with his back to Christ? Who is the true traitor? And above all, where is the Holy Grail?

With Javier Sierra we are going to discover a new vision of the painting La Santa Cena, thanks to a monk who lived in the monastery where Leonardo painted the painting, and what was his process, information that always interests artists and the general public, but that told by him, he acquires the category of “master lesson” that will embellish us all.

And it is that the work has an exceptional and great investigation that Javier Sierra made of the great work of the immortal genius.




“Leonardo da Vinci”

Javier Sierra

Friday, November 29, 2019

AEPE Headquarters

Infantas Street, 30, 2nd right

28004 Madrid

L to V: from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 17 to 20 h.

Metro: Chueca, Sevilla, Bank of Spain (lines 1 and 5)

Bus: 146, 2, 34

The distinction of Javier Sierra, in the Diario de Teruel

The cover of the Diario de Teruel of November 12, 2019, echoes the news of the recognition of the Turolense Javier Sierra as Honorary Member of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors.

Inside, the news expands and we discover how everything related to the writer is reported in his hometown, the most prominent example of a “prophet in his land,” who recently also received the distinction of Teruel’s Favorite Son, which has a park near the neighborhood where he lived that now bears his name, and that houses the legacy of Javier Sierra in the Public Library of Teruel, which since September, was officially renamed the State Public Library in Teruel Javier Sierra.

As we can see, any news related to one of his most illustrious “children” interests and even more so when it comes to a distinction such as that of Honor Partner, going to swell the list of names among which kings appear, such as Alfonso XIII or the Queen María Cristina, to patrons like the Duke of Alba or the Marquis of Aledo, personalities from the world of culture as writers, composers, art critics and gallery owners such as José Francés or Antonio Cobos and artists such as Eugenio Hermoso, Benedito, Vázquez Díaz. ….


Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, Perpetual Secretary of the AEPE

Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez received on November 7, 2019 an unexpected surprise when, in the framework of the jury’s decision, awards ceremony and inauguration of the 86th Autumn Salon of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, the most artistic event Ancient and prestigious of all those summoned in Spain, he received the title of “Perpetual Secretary” of the centenary entity.
N the event, which took place in the Casa de Vacas of Madrid’s Buen Retiro Park, was attended by a multitude of artistic personalities, such as the Minister of Culture and Tourism of the Community of Madrid, Marta Rivera de la Cruz, guy and mengano, the President of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, José Gabriel Astudillo, accompanied by his entire Board of Directors and artists such as Eduardo Naranjo, Alejandro Aguilar Soria, Ricardo Sanz, Paula Varona, the dean of the Art Critics, Tomás Paredes. .. municipal authorities and the general public.
Just when the title of “AEPE Honorary Member” had already been delivered to the journalist and writer Javier Sierra, and before the Secretary General herself proceeded to read the minutes of the Jury of the 86th Autumn Room, the President of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, José Gabriel Astudillo, skipping the established protocol, took the floor to read an Addendum to the Minutes of the meeting of the Board of Directors on June 18, 2019, in which it is explained that taking advantage of an absence of Secretary General of the entity, Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, responsible for raising the official minutes of the session, and with the unanimity of the members of the Board, it was agreed to “distinguish Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez with the title of SECRETARY PERPETUAL OF THE ASSOCIATION SPANISH PAINTS AND SCULPTORS, in recognition of their excellent and unparalleled work and dedication to the entity.

We believe that it is fair to recognize the work of those people who are exceptional and essential in the art world, people who make real the saying that success always precedes work.
All the partners enjoy that success thanks to the attitude and work of those who make us bigger every day as an institution and ensure that day by day is attended not only diligently, but correctly and in a gratifying way. That is why this institution is better every day and provides an image of seriousness and prestige that, as I said, benefits everyone.
Placing a centennial entity of the first order in the 21st century has been an important challenge that our Secretary General has amply achieved in a work model that not only is the most successful, but that more than meets and exceeds the expectations generated in this regard. .
Modernization, transparency and attention and closeness to the needs of the associates have been an unwritten rule with which it has managed to awaken the spirit of our entity and thus contribute to the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors has developed as a diversified institution and open to the outside, until it becomes a modern and prosperous reality.
But in addition, preserving the history and heritage of the entity has been a priority in the work of Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, who is carrying out through the Historical Archive “Bernardino de Pantorba”, a project that has crossed borders and makes us captain the research work on the history of art in Spain in the 20th century.
Its involvement is also leading us to recover the memory of the first artists of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors and to be present, in this way, in the most important cultural events celebrated in Spain for this reason.
In the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors we have the honor of having magnificent artists, with exemplary people who have achieved success with a lot of work, dedication and talent.
And one of them is Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, journalist, Director of the Gazette of Fine Arts, researcher, art historian, member of the Spanish Association of Art Critics but, above all, a magnificent person of overwhelming personality, who is of justice recognize and applaud his special dedication and dedication, his good work, full of commitment and honesty, his charisma, authenticity and talent.
The Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors is increasingly prestigious and great because it knows how to recognize those who have a special talent and feel committed to making their work an engine for the expansion of that talent.

That is why Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez is a good portrait of the entity we want, with values ​​and that values ​​work, the desire to improve and the shared effort. It is the portrait of those people who fight every day for art, for artists, for culture and who do it also, investing a time, effort and a totally altruistic will and that must be recognized,
An entity is worthy of admiration when its members are too and when it treats those admirable people as they deserve. That is why we have the obligation to recognize this merit and in this way the Board of Directors of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors wants to do it on behalf of all its partners, because making our entity better is a matter for everyone. Only in this way do we achieve that the best years of the artistic history of Spain are those that lie ahead, those that remain to be lived and those that remain to be written.
And so we signed in Madrid, on June 18, 2019, the rest of the members of the Board of Directors of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, keeping this resolution secret until the delivery of the distinction, which will take place within the framework of the Opening ceremony of the 86th Autumn Salon held at the Casa de Vacas of Madrid’s Parque del Retiro on November 7, 2019 ”.
Excited and visibly surprised, Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez picked up a plaque from the President and with the emotion of the moment, she was only able to thank everyone for the immense honor that the appointment entails, since in the entire history of the centenary entity, only There has been a Perpetual Secretary whose memory draws on countless historical accounts of the AEPE.

Javier Sierra, Honorary Partner of the AEPE

The journalist, bestselling author and Javier Planeta Novel Award, regular collaborator of the AEPE, received last November 7, 2019, the title of Honorary Member of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, in the framework of the inauguration of the 86th Autumn Salon organized by this centennial entity, the oldest and most prestigious artistic contest of all those that are convened in Spain.

The event, which took place in the Casa de Vacas of Madrid’s Buen Retiro Park, was attended by many artistic personalities, such as the Minister of Culture and Tourism of the Community of Madrid, Marta Rivera de la Cruz, the President of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, José Gabriel Astudillo, accompanied by its Board of Directors, members of the Jury such as Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, General Secretary of the AEPE and artists such as Eduardo Naranjo, Alejandro Aguilar Soria, Ricardo Sanz, Paula Varona, José Vicente Moreno Huart, Tomás Paredes … municipal authorities and the general public.

The award was presented by the Secretary General of the AEPE, Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, who proceeded to read the minutes in which it is stated that:

“The Board of Directors of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, meeting in ordinary session on June 18, 2019, has unanimously agreed to grant the title of SOCIO DE HONOR to Javier Sierra, whose collaboration and close friendship with the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors is becoming stronger and more committed.

“Journalist and writer, whose human profile surpasses the professional; man of integrity, simple, human, helpful, humble, attentive, whose smile triggers unusual diplomacies, and who like himself likes to describe himself, has the job of curious.

In recognition of his friendship and exemplarity, his enormous prestige and for having contributed in a relevant way to the significance of our entity, appreciating the activities that the association promotes and responding to the foundational objectives of fostering relations between the art world and the creation.

As a sign of our gratitude for their continued support, accompaniment and complicity in the work of this Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, and in recognition of their trajectory in the field of research and dissemination of art, highlighting the contribution that with their works He has managed to bring the world of art closer to millions of readers around the world.

To all the artists, he has also seduced us in a game of intrigues and mysteries of which he is a master, but above all, he has launched a special invitation to the world to visit one of the best art galleries such as the Prado Museum, with which he is Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors has always kept a close relationship, since some of its Presidents were also directors of it.

That millions of people discover through their pen wonderful works of art under a new vision, it is the great legacy that we thank today through this appointment that prides not only our entity, our Partners and friends, but artists all over the world. world.

It is in this way that we would like to thank you for pushing us to find the soul of each artist through his works and making art a window to the invisible, to the truly valuable that the human being harbors.

For all this, we are pleased to name Javier Sierra, Honorary Member of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors. ”

Afterwards, Javier Sierra collected from the hands of José Gabriel Astudillo, President of the AEPE, the accrediting diploma and a plaque, while the applause of an enthusiastic audience resonated and who has valued the work that a writer of his prestige and what this means worldwide.

For his part, Javier Sierra recalled the occasions in which he has collaborated directly with the centenary entity and especially appreciated the effort he makes to continue supporting the world of creation in Spain with such an important and impressive background.

His special collaboration with the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors began in 2014, when at the headquarters of the centennial entity, he presented for the first time to a specialized audience, composed of painters, restorers, art critics and artists in general, the novel The Master of the Prado.

As Javier Sierra himself said at the time, it was the first time since the novel was published, which was aimed especially at an audience consisting mainly of painters, that is, those who tell the stories he has told with his canvases wanted to unravel in his book, making them notice the importance of how much they paint for all those who observe his works.

In the month of June 2014, the AEPE held an end of course party, a special day of open doors attended by the students of the Portrait Workshop, friends, partners and artists who wanted to make a great session in which they painted who wanted to pose for the occasion, and in which we had an exceptional model such as the well-known writer and journalist Javier Sierra, who maintains a close relationship with the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors of collaboration and unconditional support.

But there was also another surprise and that is that the television network Telemadrid, wanted to live with us the exciting session and this was reflected in its news of 9, with a report prepared by the journalist Teresa Iborra, who approached all viewers the reality of the portrait in Spain.

There is a circumstance that this was the first time that television entered our headquarters in Infantas Street. It is true that many other events organized by the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors have already been on television, but this was the first time that our headquarters did.

Javier Sierra, who was delighted to pose for such a varied turnout, delighted those gathered there and was, as usual, attentive, kind, solicitous and patient, declaring to feel “very honored” to make an impromptu model .

In September of that same year, Javier Sierra surprised us by mentioning the centennial Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors in the book that had just seen the light “The Immortal Pyramid”, the last book by Javier Sierra in which Napoléon faces one of man’s greatest desires: eternal life. In 2002 Sierra published “Napoleon’s Egyptian Secret”, but this time it was a complete, improved review of a rewrite of that adventure, with a better plot and new characters.

The generosity of its author towards our entity, led him to include the full name of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors in the Acknowledgments section, where José Gabriel Astudillo and Mª Dolores Barreda are mentioned as President and Secretary General respectively. As the author told us, he could have mentioned them individually and privately, but he preferred to give back part of the love he has always received from artists and partners.

Javier Sierra counted for the edition of this book with the special collaboration of José Gabriel Astudillo, who made four drawings of some bas-reliefs, which is why it also appears in the first pages of it.

Already in March 2015, Javier Sierra did not hesitate to accept the invitation of the AEPE to be part of the Jury of the 50th Reina Sofía Prize for Painting and Sculpture, repeating his collaboration in the editions of the 51, 52, 53 and 54 Reina Sofía Prize.

Javier Sierra (Teruel, 1971) is not only one of the most translated fiction authors of recent times – around a quarantine of languages ​​- but he is the only Spanish writer who has managed to climb the bestseller list of The New York Times He entered the coveted top ten in 2006 with The Secret Dinner.

Expert of the historical enigma thriller and author of a dozen books between novels and essays, Sierra has more than a decade proving his radio and television communicator skills, as a Tertullian, regular collaborator or even director of several programs for the little girl screen, always around the mystery and the past. Among his works, in addition to the aforementioned bestseller, The Secret Dinner (2004), the novels The Master of the Prado (2013) and The Immortal Pyramid (2014), without neglecting his essay production with great acceptance by the public with titles such as La forbidden route and other enigmas of History (2007) and In Search of the Golden Age (2000).

Javier Sierra may well boast of being “a prophet in his land”, since last year he received the title of Favorite Son of Teruel, and this year a park was inaugurated in his honor in the city of Teruel, in the neighborhood of El Carrel in which the writer lived between 1978 and 1985, and as a brilliant climax, since September 2019, the public library of the city of Teruel is called the State Public Library in Teruel Javier Sierra.

With the delivery of this distinction, the AEPE wants to recognize its special involvement with an artistic institution very honored to have friends and collaborators who value the work that involves having captained the artistic work of twentieth-century Spain and have managed to get renewed and current to the 21st century.

Javier Sierra, Honorary Member of the 86th AEPE Autumn Salon

The journalist, bestselling author and Javier Planeta novel prize, regular collaborator of the AEPE, will receive next Thursday, November 7, 2019, the title of Honorary Member of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, within the framework of the Inauguration of the 86th Autumn Salon organized by this centennial entity, the oldest and most prestigious artistic contest of all those convened in Spain.

The jury’s decision, awards ceremony and opening of the exhibition will take place at 7 pm. in the Casa de Vacas of Madrid’s Buen Retiro Park, a very significant place for the writer, since his novel “The Invisible Fire” places the action in the Artificial Mountain of the Retreat.

It is expected that many artistic personalities attend, such as the Minister of Culture and Tourism of the Community of Madrid, Marta Rivera de la Cruz, also a finalist in her day of the Planet Prize, the President of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors , José Gabriel Astudillo, accompanied by its Board of Directors, the members of the Jury as Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, General Secretary of the AEPE and artists such as Eduardo Naranjo, Alejandro Aguilar Soria, Ricardo Sanz, Paula Varona, José Vicente Moreno Huart, Tomás Paredes. .. municipal authorities and the general public.

Our most sincere congratulations

On Thursday, November 7, the 86th AEPE Fall Show fails

The exhibition will remain open from October 31 to November 24


The Casa del Vacas del Madrileño Parque del Buen Retiro hosts from October 31 and until November 24, the exhibition of the awarded and selected works in the 86 Autumn Salon organized by the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, the oldest and most prestigious event organized in Spain.

The exhibition includes a total of 73 works, 46 paintings and 27 sculptures, among almost 300 submitted, has the official sponsorship of the Maxam Foundation and this year, and for the first time, has as a guest country to China, having selected three works among all those presented from that continent for this occasion, and whose authors will travel expressly to the event to be held on November 7.

In the same act, the distinction of Honorary Member of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors will be delivered to the journalist and writer Javier Sierra, regular collaborator of the entity.

The jury’s decision, awards ceremony and inauguration will be attended by the President of the Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors, José Gabriel Astudillo, the Vice President of the entity, Juan Manuel López-Reina, the General Secretary, Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez, the rest of the members of the Board of Directors, the employers of the Maxam Foundation, José Vicente Moreno Huart and Ana Rubio Pablos, Honorary Member of the centenary entity, as well as those responsible for the different collaborating entities of the 86th Autumn Room, in addition of regional and municipal authorities that have already confirmed their attendance.

The artists selected in the 86th AEPE Autumn Salon are:


































































86 Fall Room

Spanish Association of Painters and Sculptors

From October 31 to November 24, 2019

Opening and awards ceremony: Thursday, November 7, 2019, 7 p.m.

Cows House

Good retirement park

Pº of Colombia, 1

28009 Madrid

From Monday to Sunday, from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Metro: Retreat (Line 2)

Bus: 2, 20, 28

BICIMAD: Station 102 (C / Alcalá, 95) and Station 60 (Plza. Independencia, 6)

Las Medallas de la Asociación Española de Pintores y Escultores

La Medalla de Fructuoso Orduña

Por Mª Dolores Barreda Pérez

La Junta Directiva de la Asociación de Pintores y Escultores celebrada el 10 de febrero de 2017, aprobó la propuesta planteada por el Presidente de la centenaria entidad, José Gabriel Astudillo López, relativa a la reorganización de los premios y galardones que otorga la institución en los distintos certámenes y concursos habituales.

     Los análisis realizados por la Junta Directiva sobre el más que positivo aumento del número de esculturas que se presentan en cada convocatoria, hacían necesario distinguir definitivamente las secciones de pintura y escultura, dotándolas con premios bien diferenciados, de forma que no compitan entre sí dos elementos tan distintos y cuyo contenido da nombre a la Asociación Española de Pintores y Escultores.

     Ante esta situación, se hizo imprescindible revisar y reformar las bases de las distintas convocatorias que lleva a cabo la AEPE, y teniendo en cuenta que algunas de ellas tenían medalla propia, aunque sin especificar si era de pintura o de escultura, se hacía del todo necesario analizar los premios y distinciones que hasta la fecha otorgaba la institución, planteando una propuesta justificada del por qué y del cómo hacer bien las cosas.

     Es triste y descorazonador pensar que las distinciones y los premios, más allá de la pura anotación que nos queda en la actualidad, no tienen ningún tipo de soporte documental ni histórico. Más descorazonador aún pensar que hay medallas con reglamento específico del que no sabemos nada pese a haber visto la luz en nuestra entidad.

     El extravío de la documentación que se custodia en la institución, en el transcurso de los años, de forma cotidiana y habitual, nos priva de archivos históricos más completos en los que apoyarnos y poder entender mejor el cómo y por qué de cada acción.

     Partiendo del documento base de la Asociación Española de Pintores y Escultores que nos proporciona un mínimo soporte histórico como es el libro de la Historia elaborado por el Bibliotecario, Fernando de Marta y Sebastián, vamos a tratar de saber cómo y cuándo nacieron los premios y distinciones, y sobre todo, por qué y con qué fin, nacen los nuevos para cubrir la necesidad planteada de distinguir entre disciplinas artísticas.

Pero antes de nada, debemos saber más acerca de la Medalla de la Asociación Española de Pintores y Escultores.

Fructuoso Orduña, Presidente de la Asociación de Pintores y Escultores y autor de la Medalla de la AEPE

Creación de la Medalla

Bajo la presidencia de Pedro Poggio y siendo Secretario General Pedro García Camio, se reúne la Junta Directiva, informándose de ello en la Gaceta del 15 de junio de 1926, en donde aparece publicado textualmente, bajo el título de “Una Medalla de Oro”: “La Asociación de Pintores y Escultores, y por acuerdo de la Junta Directiva, ha creado una “Medalla de Oro” que, al igual que la del Círculo de Bellas Artes de Madrid, será otorgada en las Exposiciones Nacionales, y por primera vez en la actual Nacional que se celebra en el Retiro. Ha movido a ello, no sólo el deseo justificadísimo de que nuestra Asociación, a este respecto, no fuera menos que cualquier otra entidad, sino, además, el afán de acuciar la creación de premios especiales, de que tan faltas están nuestras Exposiciones. Da grima, en verdad, comparar cómo se estimula a los artistas, por los particulares, en otros países y lo muy poco que en España se hace en este aspecto. Esta nueva “Medalla de oro” será obra del escultor Fructuoso Orduña, que se ha ofrecido a modelarla gratuitamente”.

“Su valor no será inferior a 500 pesetas, cantidad que se recaudará por suscripción, agradeciendo mucho que los que deseen suscribirse lo hagan rápidamente, pudiendo dirigirse para ello a esta Secretaría, Jovellanos, 8, Madrid. (La tan repetida Medalla será otorgada en las mismas condiciones que la de Honor, y firmando el votante la candidatura)”.

El día 12 de junio se celebró la votación de la Medalla de Oro de la Asociación de Pintores y Escultores en la Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes de 1926, otorgándose a Martínez Vázquez por su cuadro “La Rondeña”. La Gaceta de Bellas Artes del 1 de junio de 1927 (Año XVIII, Núm. 313) publicó en su portada una fotografía original de Moreno, (Pl. de las Cortes, 8), del Anverso de la Medalla de Oro creada por la Asociación de Pintores y Escultores, para ser concedida en las Exposiciones Nacionales, obra del escultor Fructuoso Orduña.

Medalla de la AEPE obra original de Fructuoso Orduña

La Medalla en el Salón de Otoño

Portada de la Gaceta de Bellas Artes del 1 de junio de 1927 (Año XVIII, Núm. 313)

El I Salón de Otoño de 1920 nació …“Sin recompensas, sin presiones, sin apasionamientos, sin envidias ni prejuicios, el próximo Salón Otoñal ha de ser, no el campo de batalla de odiosas comparaciones, sino el santuario en el cual cada manifestación, cada destello tenga su propio altar, su merecido respeto y sus creyentes, todo en un ambiente de paz, de dulzura y compañerismo, que haga de ella en los años sucesivos el lugar consagrado a la libertad, a la igualdad y a la fraternidad de los artistas y sus admiradores”…”Íntegro, sin prejuicios, en apretado haz, los artistas españoles inaugurarán, entregando al juicio público, al de la Prensa y a los altos poderes de toda clase, de quienes esperarán tranquilos el fallo”…

Como vemos, el Salón de Otoño nació con la idea de exhibir solo las obras, pero no otorgar ningún tipo de recompensa ni distinciones.

Sin embargo, en el III Salón de Otoño de 1922, y con la aprobación de la Junta General de 25 de mayo de ese mismo año, ya se hicieron propuestas de socio para los que no lo eran, propuestas que incluían la exención de la cuota de entrada, y para los que ya eran asociados se proponía que se les pudiera nombrar Socio de Mérito o Socio de Honor.

De esta forma, las primeras recompensas en un Salón de Otoño se otorgaron en el III Salón de 1922 y fueron el nombramiento de Socios de Honor, que según resaltaba el Reglamento, se acordaron por mayoría de votos, y que recayeron en José Moreno Carbonero, Julio Moisés, Jaldón, José Gutiérrez Solana y Miguel de la Cruz.

Así transcurrieron los salones hasta el año 1936, en que la actividad de la Asociación de Pintores y Escultores se vio interrumpida por la contienda civil.

En mayo de 1939, el Secretario de la entidad, José Prados López, envió una carta a los socios, que se difundió en los distintos medios de comunicación de la época, en la que rogaba a los artistas que poseían la Medalla de Oro de las Exposiciones Nacionales de Bellas Artes, para que la entregasen en un acto altruista que ayudara a la reconstrucción de la España de la posguerra.

Toda la prensa recogió esta solicitud y la generosidad de los artistas que finalmente la entregaron, insistiendo en la voluntariedad del acto, y a quienes se les ofreció recibir otras medallas fundidas en inferior metal, para recuerdo.  

El plazo inicial fue hasta el 31 de mayo, pensando poder entregarlas al Vicepresidente del Gobierno el día 2 de junio, pero esta audiencia no tuvo lugar hasta el día 17, cuando el Conde de Jordana recibió en Burgos a la Junta Directiva de la Asociación y aceptó para el Tesoro Nacional las primeras 15 Medallas recibidas.

Entre quienes desinteresadamente las aportaron, y cabe recordar que dichas Medallas eran ciertamente de oro, figuran Mariano Benlliure, Aniceto Marinas, José Garnelo y Alda, Fructuoso Orduña, Daniel Vázquez Díaz, José Gutierrez Solana, Julio Prieto Nespereira, José Bueno Gimeno, Jacinto Higueras Cátedra, Eugenio Hermoso, Eduardo Chicharro Chicharro, José Ortells…

En la Junta Directiva del 15 de marzo de 1940, bajo la presidencia de Fructuoso Orduña y siendo Secretario José Prados López, se decidió que la leyenda de las medallas de bronce que sustituían a las medallas de oro entregadas por los artistas fuera: “España, por tu oro, te devuelve este honor -1940”, y de ellas se hicieron cincuenta ejemplares, aunque en una Junta anterior se habían aprobado 30, que fueron hechas por la Casa Teu, sobre el modelo realizado por José Ortells. Dichas medallas fueron entregadas por Juan de Contreras y López de Ayala, más conocido como el Marqués de Lozoya, que ocupaba el cargo de Director General de Bellas Artes, en su despacho oficial el 17 de junio de 1940.

Como veíamos anteriormente, hasta este momento, las recompensas del Salón de Otoño se limitaban a los nombramientos honoríficos de Socios de Honor y de Mérito.

En 1942, para el XVI Salón de Otoño, se establecen por primera vez premios económicos, que conviven con los honoríficos: el Ministerio de Educación Nacional aportó 10.000 pesetas, y 1.000 pesetas el Ayuntamiento de Madrid y la Diputación Provincial de Madrid otras 1.000.

Para el XIX Salón de Otoño de 1945 la Dirección General de Bellas Artes concedió 10.000 pesetas para premios-adquisición de obras con destino al Museo de Arte Moderno.

También hubo premios de 5.000 pts del Banco de España, de 2.500 del Duque de Alba y del Marqués de Aledo, así como los ofrecidos por el Ayuntamiento y la Diputación de Madrid.

En principio, los premios del Salón los votaban los mismos expositores, pero en Asamblea Extraordinaria del 14 de enero de 1946 se llegó al acuerdo de nombrar un jurado que quedó formado por Daniel Martínez Vázquez y José Prados López, en representación de la directiva y por los pintores Joaquín Valverde y Gregorio Toledo, y el escultor Juan Adsuara, designados por la Asamblea General. Finalmente Adsuara fue sustituído por José Ortells.

Los premios a otorgar fueron, además de los de la Dirección General de Bellas Artes, otros dos de 2.500 pesetas del Marqués de Aledo y del Duque de Alba, y se había establecido que los primeras medallas presentados al salón no obtasen a premios.

El hijo de Martínez Vázquez pidió ser considerado fuera de concurso al haber sido designado su padre como jurado, y Planes decidió no aceptar el cargo para el que, al parecer, fue votado, por la misma razón de que se presentaba su hijo.

Para el XXII Salón de Otoño de 1948, y por acuerdos de la Asamblea General, se establecían por primera vez medallas de primera, segunda y tercera clase, para pintura, escultura, grabado y dibujo y arte decorativo en general, distinguiéndose en pintura entre figura y paisaje. La acuarela estaba incluida en la pintura.

El número de medallas para pintura fue de dos, cuatro y seis respectivamente para primera, segunda y tercera clase y fueron concedidas por voto escrito y firmado de los expositores y, posteriormente, los premios en metálico asignados por el mismo procedimiento de voto entre los medallados, recayendo entre ellos mismos.

Las medallas así establecidas se dejaron de adjudicar a principios del siglo XXI, siendo retomadas en el año 2014 por el Presidente de la AEPE José Gabriel Astudillo López, si bien no de la misma forma.

Simultáneamente, continuaban los nombramientos de Socio de Honor y de Socio de Mérito entre 1942 y 1963, a artistas dentro del Salón de Otoño, pero sin tener acreditada su participación en ellos.

A partir de 1963 y para su concesión exclusiva en el Salón de Otoño y fuera de las bases, se creó la Medalla de Honor, formándose para ello expresamente un jurado especial. La última otorgada de esta manera lo fue en el Salón de 1978.

Coincidiendo con la celebración de la última Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes, la Medalla de Oro que concedía la Asociación de Pintores y Escultores deja de tener sentido, por lo que es muy probable que se decidiera hacer de la Medalla creada por Fructuoso Orduña la pieza “estrella” de los Salones de Otoño, quedando ya para siempre unida a la centenaria entidad y a su más prestigioso galardón.

El Heraldo de Zamora 4 mayo 1939
Anverso de la Medalla de José Ortells para quienes entregaron su Medalla de Oro al Tesoro Nacional

Reverso de la Medalla de José Ortells

Lo que encierra la Medalla

Más allá de lo que formalmente representa, la Medalla de la AEPE constituye la seña de identidad de la centenaria institución. En ella se muestra claramente la capacidad del autor para el estudio anatómico y su excelencia como retratista, con simbología simplificada y líneas en las que las figuras sobresalen con una fuerza y energía acentuadas siempre por su excelente complexión física. Una obra que muestra rotundidad en la composición y un modelado de gran potencia y maestría.

Antes que la recompensa en metálico, que bien es verdad que a nadie le amarga un dulce, obtener la Medalla de la AEPE significaba lograr el reconocimiento del artista, pero no un reconocimiento cualquiera, sino la aprobación y afirmación de otros artistas, y entre iguales, esa hazaña alcanzaba aún más importancia y repercusión.

Que quienes se dedican a la pintura y la escultura, con conocimientos propios de la materia y experiencia personal acerca del mundo de las bellas artes, del difícil mundo del arte, de sus penas y alegrías, sinsabores y vanaglorias, sean quienes reconozcan que el trabajo realizado es digno de una medalla, va más allá de cualquier otro tipo de distinción, puesto que dice mucho a favor de quienes hacen de la creatividad y la calidad, el oficio de los artistas con todos los valores que ello encierra. Por todo ello, lograr la Medalla de la AEPE es un gran honor que quizás pocos artistas puedan aún comprender, pero por el que merece la pena intentar conseguirla.

Sujetamedallas de la AEPE, obra de José Gabriel Astudillo López, Presidente de la AEPE